48 Formation and Evolution Processes of Cloud Clusters over the Korean Peninsula

Thursday, 8 August 2013
Holladay-Halsey (DoubleTree by Hilton Portland)
Uju Shin, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South); and T. Y. Lee

Cloud clusters (CCs) are the most frequent type of heavy precipitation system (HPS) over the Korean peninsula. They show oval-shape regions of low cloud-top temperature and consist of several HPSs or meso-β scale area of convective rainfall. We have chosen 55 cases of CCs during 2001-2010 and investigated their environmental features and evolution processes in order to improve understanding of CCs.

The data used for this study includes radar and satellite images, vertical sounding and rainfall data, weather maps, and NCEP climate forecast system reanalysis (NCEP CFSR) data. Most of CCs occur in the eastern or the southeastern part of low-level cyclones (or troughs) propagating toward or along the northwestern flank of the western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH). The formation region of CCs is characterized by low-level convergence and transport of warm and moist air.

CCs generally move together with low-level cyclones (or troughs) or move along the fronts. HPSs within clusters show squall line movement or merge with each other. CCs consist of several line of convective rainfall embedded in continuous area of stratiform precipitation. Low-level convergence plays a crucial role in maintaining strong convection.

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner