11.3 Boundary Layer Structure over an Arctic Fjord Based on Aircraft Measurements

Thursday, 30 June 2016: 8:30 AM
Adirondack ABC (Hilton Burlington )
Irene E. Suomi, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland; and T. Vihma, C. Lüpkes, J. Hartmann, and T. Nygård

A majority of the population of High-Arctic lives at onshore locations, typically characterized by fjords and other features of complex topography. Therefore it is essential to understand the interaction of the large scale atmospheric flows and local conditions in such areas. In this study, we will use data from a winter aircraft campaign over a long and wide south to north oriented Arctic fjord which has an ideal straight axis but is bounded with complex topography varying in the scale of a hundred meters to kilometers. A first analysis of data shows a channeling of the east-west large scale flow along the fjord towards its bottom located in the south. The large scale flow interacts in a complex manner with a locally driven shallow katabatic flow region propagating northward from the glaciers and mountains at the fjord bottom. The interaction of these two flow regimes is further complicated by large changes in the surface conditions; the surface type is glacier and snow-covered land in the south, complete sea ice cover in the most of the fjord and open water in the fjord mouth area in the north. The related changes in the surface temperature are driving a shallow strong convective boundary layer in the north. The detailed analysis of the aircraft measurements provides an excellent testbed for atmospheric mesoscale model simulations aiming e.g. at effects of model resolution over Arctic fjord.
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