6.3 Impulsive Energy Transfer during Geomagnetic Storms

Tuesday, 8 January 2019: 2:15 PM
North 227A-C (Phoenix Convention Center - West and North Buildings)
Lawrence J. Zanetti, Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD

Handout (8.5 MB)

Data from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) have been used to study electric fields and currents for multiple magnetic storms. High latitude conductivity models are based on the field-aligned currents measured by AMPERE compared to measurements from the Poker Flat Incoherent Scatter Radar. For all of the magnetic .storms studied, the combined energy input from precipitating particles exhibits sharply-peaked maxima for small scale structures at the times of local minima in DsT, suggesting a close coupling between magnetospheric and/or ring current energy content and the high latitude currents driven by field-aligned currents. These relatively rapid increases and decreases of the high latitude energy deposition could be a result of the variation of ionospheric conductance with field-aligned current strength, leading to a nonlinear relation between current and voltage, and impulsive transfer of energy from the magnetosphere to the ionosphere. Comparisons with future higher cadence solar wind L1 measurements, e.g. DSCOVR and Space Weather Follow On will determine whether the driver of these impulsive events are external or a combination of macro external forcing and small-scale internal conductivity enhancements.
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