12B.1 Cross-Calibration of JPSS ATMS against MHS, AMSU, GMI, and Suomi ATMS

Thursday, 16 January 2020: 10:30 AM
253B (Boston Convention and Exhibition Center)
John Xun Yang, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD; and H. Yang

The Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) is a major microwave sounder onboard the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) measuring atmospheric temperature and humidity. It has been in operation for almost two years. We have done a thorough cross-calibration and comparison of JPSS ATMS against other similar microwave radiometers including MHS, AMSU, GMI, and Suomi ATMS.

The JPSS ATMS has been compared with these reference radiometers by collocation, direct measurement comparison, RTM simulation, and cross-calibration. A line-by-line model has been employed to assess the difference in bandwidth, spectral response function and side-band imbalance. Since some sounding channels sees moderate surface emitted radiance, the cross-calibration is implemented over both oceanic and land scenes. The over-land comparison is done over the worldwide forests that are near blackbody targets and insensitive to incidence angle. The comparison covers a range of aspects including the average TB difference, cross-track characteristics, and inter-sensor biases dependence on TB. To conclude, JPSS ATMS brightness temperature shows consistency through comparison against the other microwave radiometers. Its calibration and performance are stable and consistent in the past almost two years since its launch.

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