241 Assimilation of the GOES-16/17 Atmospheric Motion Vectors in the Hurricane Weather Forecasting (HWRF) Model

Monday, 13 January 2020
Hall B (Boston Convention and Exhibition Center)
A. Lim, CIMSS/Univ. of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI; and S. Nebuda, J. A. Jung, J. Daniels, W. Bresky, and A. Mehra

Atmospheric Motion Vector (AMV) data are an important observation type for both global and regional data assimilation systems. The AMVs are derived from observations made by the new Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) onboard the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GOES-16 on GOES-17 satellites. The former became operational as GOES-East on 2 January 2018 and the latter became GOES-West on 12 February 2019. The ABI is a state-of-the-art 16-band radiometer with spectral bands covering the visible, near-infrared and infrared portions of the electro-magnetic spectrum (Schmit et al, 2017), with four times the spatial resolution and five times faster coverage compared to instruments on earlier GOES. The utilization of the full resolution data (e.g. spatial, temporal and spectral) enables the generation of wind products with increase counts and significantly improves geographic coverage that should substantially increase the volume of information that will be available to the user community (Daniels et al, 2016). The AMVs are derived using the operational GOES-R nested tracking algorithm (Bresky et al, 2012; Daniels and Bresky, 2010).

The quality control procedures and assimilation techniques in HWRF are reviewed and revised to efficiently use these new AMVs. The impact of assimilating GOES-16 AMVs on forecasts of track and intensity for tropical cyclones in the 2018 hurricane season will be presented and discussed. The operational HWRF track and intensity forecasts will serve as the baseline for comparisons.


Bresky, W., J. Daniels, A. Bailey, and S. Wanzong, 2012: New Methods Towards Minimizing the Slow Speed Bias Associated With Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMVs). J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.,51, 2137-2151

Daniels, J. and W. Bresky, 2010: A New Nested Tracking Approach for Reducing the Slow Speed Bias Associated With Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMVs). Proceedings of the 10th International Winds Workshop, Tokyo, Japan.

Daniels, J., W. Bresky, A. Bailey, A. Allegrino, S. Wanzong, and C. Velden, 2016: Use of GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Proxy Data to Assess the Performance of the GOES-R Winds Algorithm, Proceedings of the 13th International Winds Workshop, Monterey ,California, 27 June – 1 July 2016.

Schmit, T. J., P. Griffith, M. Gunsor, J. Daniels, S. Goodman, and W. Lebair, 2017: A Closer Look at the ABI on GOES-R., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 681-698

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