The European Space Agency launched the first space-based Doppler wind lidar (DWL) into space in August 2018. The mission is progressing to produce global wind profiles and corresponding aerosol data products. The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) is already demonstrating impacts of the preliminary Aeolus wind profiles. Meanwhile the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Satellite Observing System Architecture (NSOSA) Study includes a potential DWL as part of its future architecture. This session seeks papers related to a) application of this new generation Aeolus satellite observations to numerical weather prediction and process studies, b) building on the Aeolus DWL experience for a follow-on wind lidar mission, and c) objectives and roadmaps for a DWL in the next generation U.S. weather satellite architecture.