86 Why the bolus velocity deserved to survive and how we use it: a 3D EP theory for all waves at all latitudes as given by the impulse-bolus pseudomomentum

Tuesday, 16 June 2015
Meridian Foyer/Summit (The Commons Hotel)
Hidenori Aiki, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokohama, Japan; and K. Takaya and R. J. Greatbatch

Handout (5.3 MB)

Classical theory concerning the Eliassen-Palm relation is extended in this study to allow for a unified treatment of mid-latitude inertia-gravity waves (MIGWs), mid-latitude Rossby waves (MRWs), and equatorial waves (EQWs). A conservation equation for (what the authors call) the impulse-bolus (IB) pseudomomentum is useful because it is applicable to ageostrophic waves and the associated three-dimensional flux is parallel to the direction of the group velocity of MRWs. The equation has previously been derived in an isentropic coordinate system or a shallow water model. The authors make an explicit comparison of prognostic equations for the IB pseudomomentum vector and the classical energy-based (CE) pseudomomentum vector, assuming inviscid linear waves in a sufficiently- weak mean flow, to provide a basis for the former quantity to be used in an Eulerian time-mean (EM) framework. The authors investigate what makes the three-dimensional fluxes in the IB and CE pseudomomentum equations look in different directions. It is found that the two fluxes are linked by a gauge transformation, previously unmentioned, associated with a divergence-form wave-induced pressure (symbolized as Λ in the present study). The quantity Λ vanishes for MIGWs and becomes nonzero for MRWs and EQWs, and may be estimated using the virial theorem. Concerning the effect of waves on the mean flow, the quantity Λ represents an additional effect in the pressure gradient term of both (the three-dimensional versions of) the transformed EM momentum equations and the merged form of the EM momentum equations (the latter of which is associated with the nonacceleration theorem). http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-14-0172.1

Supplementary URL: http://www.jamstec.go.jp/res/ress/aiki/jas15-aiki-takaya-greatbatch.pdf

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