5.3 An important climate precursor towards anticipating major flood events in the Missouri River Basin

Thursday, 12 June 2014: 11:00 AM
Church Ranch (Denver Marriott Westminster)
Shih-Yu Wang, Utah State University, Logan, UT; and K. Hakala, R. Gillies, and W. J. Capehart

Measurements taken by the Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites indicated a continued water storage increase over the Missouri River Basin (MRB) prior to the 2011 flood event. An analysis of the major hydrologic variables in the MRB, i.e. those of soil moisture, streamflow, groundwater storage and precipitation, show a marked variability at the 10-15 year timescale coincident with the water storage increase. A climate diagnostic analysis was conducted to determine what climate forcing conditions preceded the long-term changes in these variables. It was found that precipitation over the MRB undergoes a profound modulation during the transition points of the Pacific Quasi-Decadal Oscillation (QDO) and associated teleconnections. The results infer a prominent teleconnection forcing in driving the wet/dry spells in the MRB, and this connection implies the potential for climate prediction of future wet/dry extreme events.

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner