10A.6 Mesoscale Gridded Operational Consensus Forecasts

Thursday, 28 June 2007: 3:15 PM
Summit A (The Yarrow Resort Hotel and Conference Center)
C. Engel, Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; and E. Ebert and T. P. Lane

Forecasters in Australian regional weather forecasting centres have a wealth of numerical guidance available to them. A subset of the global numerical guidance from other international centres is routinely received via the Global Telecommunications System (GTS) at temporal resolutions of six- to 24-hours at coarse (reduced) spatial scales. Hourly fine-scale numerical guidance is available from a few locally produced, nested regional models. There has been recent interest in combining these different sources to produce hourly, 5km grid-based objective guidance over Australia.

The site-based Operational Consensus Forecast (OCF) method of Woodcock and Engel (2005) performs statistical corrections of local and overseas model output followed by weighted average consensus. This scheme was shown to produce guidance competitive with subjective official forecasts for daily forecast fields such as maximum and minimum daily air temperature (Woodcock and Engel, 2005). The extension of this scheme to an hourly basis (Engel, 2007) demonstrated consensus forecasts outperforming component models on the basis of aggregate MAE/MSE scores. The site-based OCF research provided valuable insights used for the development of a grid-based system.

Site-based bias corrections, when using spatially coarse model forecasts, were found to compensate for unrepresented spatial scales. This led to the development of a mesoscale grid-based OCF scheme combining both coarse and fine spatial scale model forecasts. The bias correction step was broken into multiple spatial scales using a 5km mesoscale analysis system for pseudo grid-based observations.

This presentation will include an overview of the grid-based OCF scheme along with accompanying fine and coarse-scale verification. Consensus forecasts will be shown to outperform individual component models and the grid-based scheme will be shown to produce site-based forecasts comparable with the site-based OCF scheme.

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