Session 11A.5 Bias correction in the ensemble-based data assimilation system for the NCEP GFS model

Wednesday, 3 June 2009: 5:00 PM
Grand Ballroom East (DoubleTree Hotel & EMC - Downtown, Omaha)
Xuguang Wang, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK; and J. S. Whitaker and T. Hamill

Presentation PDF (886.1 kB)

The ensemble-based data assimilation system developed for the NCEP GFS model have been tested with both conventional and satellite observations and promising results have been found and reported (Whitaker et al. 2008). This study looks into further improving the system by exploring the techques to correct the bias.

The bias was estimated by averaging the differences between the first guess forecasts and the analyses for a winter month. Two bias correction paradigms have been tried. In the conventional paradigm, the estimated bias was removed from the background forecast before the assimilation. In the second paradigm, instead of removing the bias from the forecast, the observations were shifted toward the model attractor by adding the bias to the observations and the mapped observations were used in the assimilation. The latter paradigm aims to reduce shift-induced forecat errors due to intializing an imperfect model that is systematically different from the nature by using initial conditions that are close to the nature. The impacts of the two bias correction methods for the ensemble data assimilation system will be presented in the meeting.

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