Mesoscale aspects in the formation of a pre-cyclogenic African easterly wave near the Ethiopian Highlands
Christopher M. Hill, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC; and Y. L. Lin
The African easterly wave (AEW) that would form the basis of Hurricane Alberto (2000) originated in the vicinity of the Ethiopian Highlands (EH) 5 days prior to cyclogenesis over the eastern Atlantic Ocean. The PSU/NCAR MM5 is used to simulate the development of the pre-“Alberto” AEW, as well as to conduct sensitivity tests that highlight key features in the mesoscale environment contributing to the development of the initial mesoscale convective complex (MCC) and the associated mesovortex (MV) of this AEW.
The elevated heat source of the EH surface and the surrounding moisture sources of the Red Sea and the Congolese rain forests are shown to be crucial to the initiation of the scattered afternoon convection, and the eventual maturity of the convection into an MCC, with experiments of no latent heating (NLH) and no effects of the planetary boundary layer (NPBL). The reduced-terrain (RT) experiment indicates that convection alone produces a weak wave signature, and that the local orography contributes significantly to the development of the convection and of the pre-“Alberto” AEW. Additional sensitivity experiments will be performed to identify other mechanisms in the formation of the pre-“Alberto” AEW.
Comparing simulation results with satellite data, the development of this AEW appears to take place in four stages: 1) cellular convection develops in the local afternoon over higher mountain peaks of the EH, 2) convective cells conglomerate into an MCC during the local nighttime at the lee slopes of the EH, 3) an MV develops from the remnants of the MCC, and 4) the convectively generated MV combines with a pre-existing lee trough to form the AEW.
Extended Abstract (1016K)
Session 8D, Tropical Convection II
Wednesday, 26 April 2006, 10:30 AM-12:00 PM, Big Sur
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