7A.5
Overview and preliminary results of mobile upsonde operations during the Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX)

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Tuesday, 4 November 2014: 2:30 PM
Madison Ballroom (Madison Concourse Hotel)
Michael C. Coniglio, NOAA/NSSL, Norman, OK ; and R. S. Schumacher, R. J. Trapp, D. J. Stensrud, and M. E. Baldwin

From 15 May-15 June 2013, the Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX) was conducted. The research goals of MPEX were aimed at 1) identifying the impact of assimilating targeted pre-convective sounding observations on explicit-convection numerical forecasts of hazardous convective storms, and at 2) understanding how deep convective storms alter their environments and how those alterations, in turn, affect the skill of convection-permitting forecasts on subsequent days. Two sets of sounding observations were collected during intensive observing periods: dropsondes over the western United States during the morning, and mobile ground-based radiosonde launches (upsondes) in the afternoon and evening.

This presentation will focus on the approximately 225 upsonde observations that were collected during MPEX. These observations were taken using a novel observing strategy involving three to four coordinated vehicles launching balloon-borne radiosondes in the environment both preceding the development of convective storms and in the convectively disturbed environment near supercell storms, mesoscale convective systems, and failed attempts at convection initiation. Soundings at high temporal and spatial resolution revealed the detailed structure of the environment both prior to and during the tornadic supercells in Kansas and Oklahoma on 18, 19, 20, and 31 May, non-tornadic supercells on 30 May, mesoscale convective systems on 23, 28, 29 May and 3 and 8 June, and “null” convective cases on 27 May and 4 and 12 June. The presentation will discuss the observing strategy during these events, along with preliminary insights into the potential importance of these mobile observations on improving numerical model forecasts.