Tuesday, 8 November 2016
Broadway Rooms (Hilton Portland )
The goal of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Warn-on-Forecast project is to produce probabilistic, short-term O(1 hr) guidance for severe thunderstorm hazards in the United States. Working towards this goal, NSSL and the Global Systems Division (GSD) have developed a prototype WRF- and EnKF-based ensemble storm-scale prediction system, which has been run during the winter and spring of 2016. This system produces twice-hourly, 90-min forecasts with 3-km horizontal grid spacing using the 36-member NEWS-e, which is initialized using GSD’s 3-km, experimental High-Resolution Rapid Refresh Ensemble (HRRRE).
NEWS-e forecasts have regularly produced accurate forecasts of low-level rotation well in advance (>30 min) of tornado development for discrete supercells within highly favorable tornado environments. However, less is known about NEWS-e forecast performance in more marginal environments typical of cool season tornadoes in the southeastern U.S. This study examines NEWS-e thunderstorm rotation forecasts for four cool season events in 2015-2016, including for VORTEX-SE intensive operating periods on 31 March and 29 April 2016. Of particular interest is NEWS-e performance in low-CAPE, high-shear environments and for semi-discrete supercells embedded in widespread convection.
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