First, a proxy parameter for the occurrence of electrified convection P(storm) was developed as a function of several predictors derived from the ERA-Interim global atmospheric reanalysis. Lightning data from European Cooperation for Lighting Detection served as evidence for thunderstorm occurrence. Subsequently, the probabilities of the following hazards were modelled: hail exceeding 2 cm in diameter, very large hail exceeding 5 cm in diameter and severe wind gusts ≥ 25 m/s given that a convective storm occurred in the first place.
The probability functions were computed by an additive logistic regression using lightning observations and severe weather reports from the European Severe Weather Database for Central Europe in the period 2008-2013.
The statistical models for thunderstorms, large and very large hail and severe wind gusts have been applied to ERA-Interim reanalysis data for the period 1979-2014. The models are capable of modelling the annual cycle of thunderstorms and the hazards with reasonable accuracy.
The frequency of severe weather events in future climate scenarios was calculated by applying the models to an ensemble of EuroCORDEX regional climate simulations. We will present the resulting trends and changes in severe weather variability.