4.2 The TWIRL (Tornado Winds from In-situ and Radars at Low-level) Project

Monday, 7 November 2016: 5:00 PM
Pavilion Ballroom (Hilton Portland )
Karen A. Kosiba, Center for Severe Weather Research, Boulder, CO; and J. Wurman

TWIRL has collected integrated rapid-scan multi-Doppler and in situ data in tornadoes during the spring of 2016.  Three DOW radars, including the newly upgraded Rapid-Scan DOW, three Mobile Mesonets, and 15 rapidly deployable Tornado Pods have been deployed inside and around tornadoes.  DOW6 and DOW7 have gating resolution of 12.5 m, and the Rapid-Scan DOW has resolution of 11.2 m.  The Rapid-Scan DOW has 0.8x-0.9 degree beam width and 7 second volumetric resolution, permitting matched fine-scale 4D resolution of small and quickly evolving sub-tornadic features.   Preliminary results from combined DOW radar, in situ 1-meter Tornado Pod, and damage data will be presented.

On 24 May 2016, several tornadoes occurred near Dodge City, KS.  The storm had a complex evolution -- including an anticyclonic vortex of tornadic (delta-V > 40 m/s) intensity – before becoming a multi-vortex mesocyclone (MVMC).  Peak Doppler winds during these tornadoes exceeded 80 m/s.  Two Pods were deployed in the core regions of one of the tornadoes with contemporaneous DOW data at 40 m AGL.  The Pod data indicated inflow at 1 m AGL.  On 09 May 2016, a DOW, from <2 km range, observed a tornado near Sulphur, OK.  A tornado pod was deployed in the path just north of the core flow region -- well within the subsequent damage swath -- and measured peak winds of about 45 m/s.  The wind-height-damage relationship as a function of tornado structure will be discussed on the context of these and past DOW-in situ observations.

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner