Session 4R.4 Improve radar resolution using range oversampling

Tuesday, 25 October 2005: 4:15 PM
Alvarado D (Hotel Albuquerque at Old Town)
Tian-You Yu, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK; and G. Zhang, A. Chalamalasetti, R. J. Doviak, and D. S. Zrnic

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A novel resolution enhancement technique using range oversampling (RETRO) is presented. Oversampled signals are radar returns from shifted and overlapped resolution volumes in range. It has been recently shown that these signals can be whitened and used for spectral moment estimation. In case of uniform reflectivity and velocity fields the scheme optimally reduce the statistical error of esimates. Using the same oversampled data, when the resolution is of interest, RETRO can reveal variation of reflectivity and velocity in range at sub resolution volume scales. The idea is to utilize the redundant information contained in oversampled signals, which come from common regions, to improve the resolution defined by the range weighting function. As a result, oversampled data are optimally combined to produce high-resolution signals for spectral moment estimations. RETRO is demonstrated and verified using numerical simulations for two cases. In the first case, range variation of a tornadic vortex with a diameter of 120 m can be reconstructed by RETRO at a scale of 25 m when a 250-m pulse and an oversampling factor of 10 are used. Application of RETRO to mitigate ground clutter contamination is demonstrated in the second case.
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