Friday, 20 April 2018: 11:15 AM
Masters E (Sawgrass Marriott)
The introduction of high-resolution global coupled models holds promise for extended-range (subseasonal to seasonal) prediction of high-impact weather. While forecast models have shown considerable improvement in the prediction of tropical phenomena on these timescales, specifically in the simulation and prediction of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), obstacles remain. In particular, many models still have difficulty accurately simulating the propagation of the MJO over the maritime continent. This has been hypothesized, at least in part, to be related to deficiencies in simulating the diurnal cycle over this region, which in turn is dependent on accurate representation of fine-scale atmosphere-ocean-land interactions, orography, and atmospheric convection. These issues have motivated the international Year of Maritime Continent (YMC) effort and the Office of Naval Research Propagation of Intra-Seasonal Tropical Oscillations (PISTON) initiative. In preparation for YMC and PISTON, we closely evaluate the performance of the Navy Earth System Model (NESM), a coupled global forecast model, in representing the diurnal cycle and other prominent phenomena in the maritime continent region. NESM performance is compared with stand-alone atmospheric simulations with prescribed fixed and analyzed sea surface temperatures (SSTs). Initial results from the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation field phase (Fall 2011) period indicate that NESM is able to capture the precipitation day-time maximum over land and night-time maximum over ocean, but day-time precipitation over Borneo, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula is too strong as compared to TRMM observations. The simulation of low-level winds qualitatively captures sea and land breeze patterns as compared with ERA-Interim analysis, with quantitative biases varying by island. The fully-coupled system and the stand-alone atmospheric model simulations are more similar to each other than to the observations, indicating that active ocean coupling is not the most prominent issue contributing to biases in these particular simulations. The performance of NESM will be more thoroughly evaluated and compared to other forecast systems using the 45-day forecasts currently being produced four times per week for the 1999-2015 time period under the NOAA SubX project. Initial results from the SubX project indicate that NESM has an OLR cold bias over the eastern Maritime Continent north of Australia, and warm biases over India and the eastern Indian Ocean. The OLR and low-level wind biases are generally quite small over the eastern Maritime Continent and the Philippines, which is the region of interest for PISTON.
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