10A.6 The MJO in the Navy Earth System Model: An Overview of Predictive Skill and Impacts

Wednesday, 18 April 2018: 2:45 PM
Masters E (Sawgrass Marriott)
Matthew Adam Janiga, UCAR, Monterey, CA; and C. J. Schreck III, J. Ridout, M. Flatau, N. Barton, W. A. Komaromi, and C. Reynolds

Subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) prediction has the potential to bridge the gap between medium-range weather forecasting and seasonal climate outlooks. One of the main sources of predictability at S2S time scales is the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO). In the Navy Earth System Model (NESM), the NAVy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM) is coupled to the Global Ocean Forecast System (GOFS), which consists of the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) and the Los Alamos Community Ice CodE (CICE). Reforecasts out to 45 d initialized 4x weekly from 1999-2015 were performed for the Subseasonal eXperiment (SubX). The ability of the NESM to simulate the MJO is contrasted with other models in the S2S database.

A technique for performing wavenumber-frequency filtering on S2S forecasts is introduced and applied to forecasts from the NESM and other S2S models. The contribution of MJO time scale variability to the skill in predicting convection and winds in the tropics at weeks 1-3 is examined. Compared to global MJO indices, this approach is better able to isolate skill in predicting the MJO convective envelope and regional variations in the skill of the models at predicting the MJO. In regions of high MJO activity such as the Indian Ocean and Maritime Continent, MJO variability makes substantial contributions to the local skill at weeks 2 and 3. Differences in the geographic variability of MJO predictive skill between the boreal summer and winter are observed which are consistent with the differences in MJO activity. We also examine the improvement in skill as a function of forecast lead time that comes from a time-lagged ensemble. The local MJO skill determined from comparing observed and forecasted MJO-filtered signals is contrasted with an index constructed from the leading two empirical orthogonal functions of MJO-filtered global velocity potential. Differences in MJO skill between the S2S models are closely related to differences in predicting mid-latitude geopotential heights and conditions important to tropical cyclones (e.g., shear, mid-level humidity, and low-level vorticity).

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