MM5 simulations span over the period of August 23, to September 2, 2000 (period of Texas Air Quality Study 2000 modeling activities) and are performed over four domains from 108- to 4-km resolution. Moisture availability is adjusted over the mid-morning period and the heat capacity in the evening period.
The inferred moisture availability exhibits the overall drying of the surface during the period of study. Compared to the control simulations the assimilation runs improve the model predictions of temperature where the control exhibits cool bias, but exacerbate the warm bias in the control run. The assimilation runs also show more improvement over the control runs as the model resolution increases (since the impact of land-use inhomogeneity become more pronounced and comparable to the satellite pixel area).