· Atmospheric climate patterns are shifting. The late winter/spring pattern for 2000-2005 had new hot spots in NE Canada and the East Siberian Sea relative to 1980-1999.
· Ocean salinity and temperature profiles at the North Pole and in the Beaufort Sea, which changed abruptly in the 1990s, show that conditions since 2000 have relaxed toward the pre-1990 climatology, although the period 2001-2004 has seen an increase in northward ocean heat transport through Bering Strait.
· Sea ice extent in September 2005 was the summer minimum observed during the satellite era beginning in 1979.
· Permafrost temperatures continue to increase. Unlike the permafrost temperatures, data on changes in the near surface active layer thickness are less conclusive.
· There is increasing interest in the stability of the Greenland ice sheet.
· Globally, 2005 was the warmest year in the instrumental record (beginning in 1880) with the Arctic providing a large contribution toward this increase.
The State of the Arctic Report will be provided on the web at http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/detect/.