Wintertime energy budget along an urbanisation gradient in Montreal, Canada
Onil Bergeron, McGill University, Ste-Anne de Bellevue, QC, Canada; and I. B. Strachan
More than 80% of Canada's population lives in cities and this proportion is expected to increase in the next few decades. Despite the attractiveness of cities to Canadians there is a lack of knowledge concerning the interaction between cities and the atmospheric environment which limits operational weather forecasting capabilities. Environmental Prediction in Canadian Cities (EPiCC) is a research network that seeks to better understand the urban atmosphere through a programme of observation, modeling and remote sensing over Montreal and Vancouver, Canada. EPiCC's overall objective is to provide Canadian urban residents with better weather and air quality forecasts through development of an urban-atmosphere modeling system evaluated for Canadian urban climates.
In the Montreal area, eddy covariance flux towers have been recording sensible and latent heat fluxes, as well as CO2 exchange and standard meteorological data continuously since late 2007 over a rural area, a low-density, single-housing residential area and a high-density, row building residential area located on a West-East transect. An inter-site comparison of wintertime measurements is being conducted to focus on the role of snow and anthropogenic heat release on the energy budget over Montreal. More specifically, the influence of snow removal practices and house heating is being investigated. These results, along with other observations, will be used to validate an urban surface parameterization scheme, based on the Town Energy Balance (TEB) model, coupled to the SVAT Interaction Soil-Biosphere-Atmosphere (ISBA) model. This presentation will provide the first results from the winter 2007-08 measurement period in Montreal.
Joint Session 9, Urban Energy Balance
Monday, 12 January 2009, 1:30 PM-2:30 PM, Room 124A
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