89th American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting

Tuesday, 13 January 2009: 11:30 AM
A Simple Data-Driven Model for Streamflow Prediction
Room 125A (Phoenix Convention Center)
Valliappa Lakshmanan, CIMMS/Univ. of Oklahoma, NOAA/NSSL, Norman, OK; and J. J. Gourley, Z. Flamig, and S. Giangrande
Poster PDF (213.4 kB)
It is sometimes useful to create a statistical model to predict streamflow based on precipitation estimates over a basin. Because the model is independent of physical descriptions of the basin or initial states such as soil moisture conditions, soil infiltration characteristics, or land surface roughness, it can be used to justify the complexity required in a hydrologic model to adequately simulate streamflow.

In this paper, we developed a data-driven streamflow prediction model using observations of rainfall and runoff over the heavily instrumented Ft. Cobb basin in western Oklahoma. The statistical model was developed using five rainfall events and subsequent streamflow observations. Similarly, we calibrated two additional models using the same rainfall events that are based on a) a conceptual understanding of infiltration and runoff mechanisms and b) a spatially distributed, physical description of runoff production. Following the calibration period, each model was evaluated on independent events, including an event with a 100-year return period. This study addresses the concept of model parsimony and behavior in response to extreme events.

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