709 The possible effects of aerosol on cloud and precipitation over the Korean peninsula

Wednesday, 26 January 2011
4E (Washington State Convention Center)
Hwan-Jin Song, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South); and B. J. Sohn

Anthropogenic pollution in East China provides abundant aerosols into the atmosphere, inducing profound impacts on cloud properties and precipitation. In a global view, aerosols suppress precipitation because increased aerosols bring in decreased net solar radiation at the surface, which prevents the evaporation. In contrast aerosols in a cloud scale point act as cloud condensation nuclei, which may enhance precipitation if moisture is fully supplied. Finding such conditions during the summer over the Korean peninsula, we analyzed the empirical relationship between aerosol optical thickness and cloud products by relating retrieved aerosol and cloud parameters from MODIS measurements to surface rain gauge measurements from 2000 to 2007.

Cloud and precipitation formation appear to be strongly dependent upon the moisture amount supplied to the Korean peninsula. In case of sufficient moisture supply from the south and west sides of the peninsula, the elevated AOT over East China tends to be linked to vigorous convection and heavy precipitation in the Korean peninsula. In contrast, in case of moderate and weak supplies of water vapor, the elevated AOT is related to week convection and precipitation. This study may suggest a hypothesis that precipitation can be heavier if both aerosols and very humid air are merged into Korean peninsula and interact with each other.

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner