Linkages of the weather system between over the Pacific and Arctic regions -Importance of the atmospheric river-
In this paper, we would like to discuss storm behaviors over the North Pacific Ocean and their linkages to the Arctic weather system. For the rapidly deepening of the low pressure system needs the upper-level forcing and lower-level moisture supply to the low pressure center. All of low pressures entered into the Arctic in the Northwestern Pacific Region associated with “Atmospheric River” of precipitable water. The river became clearly to identify after the explosively deepening (the central SLP became minimum). As the explosively deepening is associated with strong updrafts, Rossby wave breaking is occurred in the upper-level. It enhanced descending air (jets) and also enhanced clockwise circulation in the lower atmosphere. This anti-cyclonic circulation makes clear the river. Stagnating lows in the Gulf of Alaska were also related to “Atmospheric River.” The descending air in the Arctic and/or high latitudes also likely contributes to make an “Atmospheric River.” The “Atmospheric River” has a relationship to the heavy precipitation and flooding in the West coast the North American Continent and moisture supply to the Arctic region.