92nd American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting (January 22-26, 2012)

Tuesday, 24 January 2012: 2:00 PM
An Experimental Study of the Small-Scale Variability of Rainfall At the Southern Delmarva Peninsula
Room 256 (New Orleans Convention Center )
Rigoberto Roche, Florida International Univ., Miami, FL; and A. Tokay and P. G. Bashor

An experimental study was conducted at Mid-Atlantic region to investigate the rainfall variability within the instantaneous field of view of the microwave sensor based satellite rainfall estimate. The study was conducted through thirty rain gauges that were deployed at 11 sites where 8 sites had triple and remaining sites had dual gauges. The gauges were tipping bucket at 0.01 inches resolution. The time of the tip was recorded to a data logger which is powered by lithium battery. A continuous gauge record was obtained at every gauge site from May 2005 to September 2010. The gauges sites were distributed from Ocean City, Maryland to Kiptopeke, Virginia, at a maximum separation of 150 km and at a minimum separation of 1 km between the two sites at Wallops Island, Virginia. This study focuses on the variability of rainfall at different climatological periods. The observations were divided into 20 seasons, 10 cold/warm periods, and 5 years. A stretched exponential model was applied to the correlations of paired gauge rainfall at 30-minute integration period. Two tips (0.5 mm) were considered as the threshold for rain events. The correlations felt below 50% at 10 km distance most of the time in an observational period, while they were below 20% at 40 km distance. The variability was more noticeable between the seasons than between the warm/cold periods and between the years. This could, in part, be related to the sample size, partly differences in rainfall characteristics. Additionally, the remnants of tropical cyclones bring abundant rainfall to the Mid-Atlantic region but they may not be observed at a given year. The nugget parameter was mainly above 0.95 while the shape parameter was mainly between 0.4 and 1.0. The correlation distances remained mostly less than 50 km at a given observational period.

Supplementary URL: