CFD modeling study on the Effects of Building–Roof Cooling in Urban Street Canyons

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Monday, 3 February 2014
Hall C3 (The Georgia World Congress Center )
Jae-Jin Kim, Pukyong National University, Busan, South Korea

The effects of building–roof cooling on flow and air temperature in urban street canyons are numerically investigated using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. The aspect ratios of the building and street canyon considered are one. For investigating the building–roof cooling effects, the building–roof temperatures are systematically changed. The traditional flow pattern including a portal vortex appears in the spanwise canyon. Compared with the case of the control run, there is no big difference in flow pattern in the case of Rf_10 in which the maximum building–roof cooling is considered. However, as the building roof becomes cooler, the mean kinetic energy increases and the air temperature decreases in the spanwise canyon. Building–roof cooling suppresses the upward and inward motions above the building roof, resultantly increasing the horizontal velocity near the roof level. The increase in wind velocity above the roof level intensifies the secondarily driven vortex circulation as well as the inward (outward) motion into (out of) the spanwise canyon. Finally, building–roof cooling reduces the air temperature in the spanwise canyon, supplying much relatively cool air from the streamwise canyon into the spanwise canyon.