Analysis of the atmospheric heating process and its seasonal variation over the Tibetan Plateau using a land data assimilation system

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Monday, 3 February 2014
Hall C3 (The Georgia World Congress Center )
Rie Seto, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; and T. Koike and M. Rasmy

Handout (2.7 MB)

The atmospheric heating process over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) in the premonsoon and mature monsoon seasons of 2008 was investigated using radiosonde data and a land data assimilation system coupled with a mesoscale model (LDAS-A). Radiosonde data was obtained in an intensive observation period by the JICA (Japan International Co-operation Agency) project (JICA/Tibet Project). LDAS-A assimilates microwave brightness temperature and accurately reproduces land and atmospheric states. Focusing on the temperature observed below 200 hPa, we found there were warming and cooling periods alternately in the premonsoon season within a general warming trend, and the profiles of heating in the two seasons were reversed. Then we identified the vertical structure of each heating component, sensible heat, latent heat, and horizontal advection, using LDAS-A in each season. The troposphere over the TP in warming periods was divided into three vertical layers in terms of the major heating process, sensible heat transport below 450 hPa, latent heat from 450250 hPa, and horizontal advection above 250 hPa. The sensible and latent heats are transported by local convections. In contrast, the heat source for horizontal advection originated in the southwest of the plateau, related to a synoptic-scale circulations. Latent cooling with cloud evaporation and adiabatic cooling with convection negatively contributed to heating in the upper troposphere. In cooling periods, the vertical structure of each heating component was similar to that in warming periods, but net heating was reversed because of the influence of synoptic-scale disturbances. In the mature monsoon season warm horizontal advection in the upper troposphere rapidly weakened in response to the initial formation of the Tibetan High