14.7
Passive microwave signature of sea spray aerosol production

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Thursday, 8 January 2015: 5:00 PM
224A (Phoenix Convention Center - West and North Buildings)
Ivan B. Savelyev, NRL, Washington, DC; and M. D. Anguelova, G. M. Frick, D. J. Dowgiallo, P. A. Hwang, P. F. Caffrey, and J. P. Bobak

This study addresses and attempts to mitigate persistent uncertainty and scatter among existing approaches for determining the rate of sea spray aerosol production by breaking waves in the open ocean. The new approach proposed here utilizes passive microwave emissions from the ocean surface, which are known to be sensitive to surface roughness and foam. Direct, simultaneous, and collocated measurements of the aerosol production and microwave emissions were collected on-board FLoating Instrument Platform (FLIP) in deep water ~150 km off the coast of California over a period of ~4 days. Vertical profiles of coarse-mode aerosol (0.25 23.5 m) concentrations were measured with a forward scattering spectrometer and converted to surface flux using dry deposition and vertical gradient methods. Back trajectory analysis of Northeast Pacific meteorology verified the clean marine origin of the sampled air mass over at least 5 days prior to measurements. Vertical and horizontal polarization surface brightness temperature were measured with a microwave radiometer at 10.7 GHz frequency. Data analysis revealed a strong sensitivity of the brightness temperature polarization difference to the rate of aerosol production. An existing model of microwave emission from the ocean surface was used to determine the empirical relationship and to attribute its underlying physical basis to microwave emissions from surface roughness and foam within active and passive phases of breaking waves. A possibility of and initial steps towards satellite retrievals of the sea spray aerosol production are briefly discussed in concluding remarks.