The Effects of Heat Stress on Urban Populations and the Electricity Grid
In this study we will analyze the hourly electricity load curve for examine four utility zones in South Eastern New York State (SENY): New York City, Long Island, Westchester and Putnam Counties. We will correlate electricity demand data with measures of urban form (percent impervious surface), climate (surface temperature, insolation and solar heat gain), and health outcomes (hospital admissions for heat stroke and asthma.) Based on the observed relationship between urban form, energy demand, and health outcomes we will simulate the expected environmental and social impacts of green infrastructure. The Urban Livability Index(ULI), which we construct from temperature readings and demographic data, will be utilized to identify populations particularly vulnerable to temperature extremes. The index will serve as a tool to develop a baseline analysis and understand the impacts of green infrastructure from a public health perspective.