Near-Real Time Satellite-Retrieved Cloud and Surface Properties for Nowcasting and Assimilation

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Thursday, 8 January 2015: 11:30 AM
231ABC (Phoenix Convention Center - West and North Buildings)
Rabindra Palikonda, SSAI/NASA/LaRC, Hampton, VA; and P. Minnis, G. Hong, Q. Z. Trepte, D. A. Spangenberg, B. Shan, B. Scarino, S. Sun-Mack, T. L. Chee, F. L. Chang, J. K. Ayers, W. L. Smith Jr., K. Bedka, L. Nguyen, and P. W. Heck

Cloud properties determined from satellite imager radiances provide a valuable source of information for nowcasting and weather forecasting. In recent years, it has been shown that assimilation of cloud top temperature, optical depth, and total water path can increase the accuracies of weather analyses and forecasts. Aircraft icing conditions can be accurately diagnosed in near-real time (NRT) retrievals of cloud effective particle size, phase, and water path, providing valuable data for pilots. NRT retrievals of surface skin temperature can also be assimilated in numerical weather prediction models to provide more accurate representations of solar heating and longwave cooling at the surface, defining potential areas of convective initiation. These and other applications are being exploited more frequently as NRT cloud data become available. At NASA Langley, cloud properties and surface skin temperature are being retrieved in near-real time globally from both geostationary (GEO) and low-earth orbiting (LEO) satellite imagers for weather model assimilation and nowcasting for hazards such as aircraft icing. Cloud data from GEO satellites over North America are disseminated through NCEP, while those data and global LEO and GEO retrievals are disseminated from a Langley website. This paper provides an overview of the various available datasets, provides examples of their application, and discusses the use of the various datasets downstream. Future challenges and areas of improvement are also presented.