The most effective examples that enhance learning are those that guide students through self-explanations of concepts. Self-explanation prompts not only encourage students to critically examine the given scenario, but also help address and correct any misunderstandings. The more self-explanation a student does, the more successful they will be. Additional benefits include explicit demonstration of domain-specific problem-solving strategies, and a reduction in cognitive load. Novice learners often experience a high cognitive load when presented with a problem to solve, making it more difficult to recognize patterns and identify key concepts needed to solve the problem, resulting in a lower rate of success. Removing this burden will decrease anxiety and enhance a student's ability to learn.
This presentation will describe the pedagogical approach known as worked examples, a proven method to enhance student learning and problem-solving skills. The utility of this approach will be described, as well as recommendations for creating examples and ideas for how to implement them in an atmospheric science classroom.