5.4 Progress towards NASA MODIS and VIIRS Cloud Optical Property Data Record Continuity

Tuesday, 24 January 2017: 11:15 AM
620 (Washington State Convention Center )
Steven Platnick, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD; and K. Meyer, G. Wind, N. Amarasinghe, R. Holz, S. A. Ackerman, and A. Heidinger

The Suomi NPP VIIRS imager provides an opportunity to extend the 15+ year EOS MODIS climate data record into the next generation operational era. Similar to MODIS, VIIRS provides visible through IR observations at moderate spatial resolution with a 1330 LT equatorial crossing consistent with the MODIS on the Aqua platform. However, unlike MODIS, VIIRS lacks key water vapor and CO2 absorbing channels used for high cloud detection and cloud-top property retrievals, and there is a significant change in the spectral location of the 2.1μm shortwave-infrared channel used for cloud optical/microphysical retrievals and cloud thermodynamic phase. Given these instrument differences between MODIS EOS and VIIRS S-NPP/JPSS, we discuss our progress towards merging the MODIS observational record with VIIRS in order to generate cloud optical property climate data record continuity across the observing systems.

The MODIS-VIIRS continuity algorithm for cloud optical property retrievals leverages heritage algorithms that produce the existing MODIS cloud optical and microphysical properties product (MOD06); the NOAA AWG/CLAVR-x cloud-top property algorithm and a common MODIS-VIIRS cloud mask feed into the optical property algorithm. To account for the different channel sets, each algorithm nominally uses a subset of channels common to both imagers. Data granule and aggregated examples for the current version of the continuity algorithm (MODAWG) will be shown. In addition, efforts to reconcile apparent radiometric biases between analogous channels of the two imagers, a critical consideration for obtaining inter-sensor climate data record continuity, will be discussed.

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