Water chemical analysis that were performed, were involved two types of research areas on the western shores of Admiralty Bay: the surroundings of Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station and Ecology Glacier Area. The main objective of this study was identification and quantitative determination of a wide range of pollutants considered as contaminants (e.g. aldehydes, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, PAHs) in the western shores of Admiralty Bay (King George Island; South Shetland Islands). Moreover, the emission sources of contaminants transported to the King George Island area has been preliminarily classified.
It is very important to become familiar with accurate levels of pollution concentrations present in individual elements of abiotic environments. Polar catchment areas constitute the sources of fresh water for all organisms living in Antarctica. Moreover, Antarctic ecosystem has a very simple structure. Therefore, even a small amount of pollution present in abiotic elements of nature may constitute a significant hazard for any individual plant and animal species because of absence of advanced detoxification mechanisms. Hence, the monitoring of concentration level of pollution is extremely important to protect the environment of the western shores of Admiralty Bay [Antarctic Specially Protected Area 128; Site of Special Scientific Interest No. 8 King George Island].
The authors would like to thank the staff of the Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station for the opportunity of sampling.