1399 Spatio-Temporal Variability in Cloud Microphysical Properties over the South-East Atlantic

Wednesday, 25 January 2017
4E (Washington State Convention Center )
Siddhant Gupta, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL; and G. McFarquhar, M. Poellot, J. OBrien, and D. Delene

Handout (1.1 MB)

The ObseRvations of Aerosols above Clouds and their intEractionS (ORACLES) project will provide in‐situ measurements and remotely sensed retrievals of aerosol and cloud properties over the South East Atlantic off the coast of Namibia during August-September 2016. Biomass burning aerosol from Southern Africa is advected toward the South East Atlantic at elevated altitudes and overlies the ubiquitous stratocumulus cloud deck over the ocean. The aerosols subside farther from the coast so that the vertical displacement between the clouds and aerosols varies, and whose effect on aerosol-cloud interaction is poorly known.

A NASA P‐3 aircraft will be equipped with a Cloud Droplet Probe CDP sizing particles between 2 and 50μm, a Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer CAS sizing between 0.51 and 50μm, a 2D‐stereo probe 2DS, nominally sizing between 10 and 1280μm, a Cloud Imaging Probe CIP, from 25 to 1600μm, and a High Volume Precipitation Sampler HVPS‐3, from 150μm to 1.92cm for measuring number distribution functions (n(D)) along with a King probe and hot wire probe for measuring the total liquid water content, LWC. A Passive Cavity Aerosol Spectrometer Probe PCASP will measure aerosol particles between 0.1 to 3μm.

By examining consistency between n(D) measured by probes in the overlap ranges and by conducting closure tests whereby the bulk LWC is compared against that derived from n(D), a probe-independent product will be generated to provide the best estimate of the following cloud parameters: total concentration, extinction, n(D), effective radius and LWC.

The resulting database will be used to determine how cloud properties vary with distance away from the coast of Africa and with aerosol concentrations measured in the accumulation mode by the PCASP above and below cloud. The impact of the changing separation between the cloud and aerosol layers will be examined and potential impacts of the variation of cloud microphysical properties with aerosol concentrations on radiative forcing will be discussed.

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