3B.4 NOAA's Sensing Hazards with Operational Unmanned Technology (SHOUT) Project: Strategies for Improving and Augmenting Existing Satellite and Manned Aircraft Observations with Recent Pacific El Niño and Atlantic Hurricane Rapid Response Global Hawk Flights

Thursday, 26 January 2017: 2:15 PM
Conference Center: Chelan 4 (Washington State Convention Center )
Peter G Black, 14616 Charter Oak Blvd, Salinas, CA; and J. P. Dunion, G. A. Wick, L. Cucurull, J. J. Coffey, J. Sippel, A. Aksoy, and J. R. Walker

Flight tracks from several Global Hawk flights from 2012-2016 in three high impact weather field programs have been reviewed relative to feature identification and timing: 1) HS3, 2) SHOUT Hurricane and 3) SHOUT El Niño Rapid Response. This evaluation is being driven by a shift in Global Hawk use from a research platform to an operational platform. Most past flights used one of three standard pattern types: 1) Racetrack, 2) Alpha (or ‘Figure 4’) and 3) Butterfly, the latter two being flown relative to the moving storm center. A review of recent studies involving use of Global Hawk flight data in TC prediction models suggest that improvements in feature structural definition and model impact can be anticipated based upon pattern re-alignment relative to: 1) supporting aircraft and satellite data coverage, 2) feature orientation, 3) feature motion, 4) environmental wind shear as well as phasing relative to: i) anticipated intensity change times, ii) feature diurnal variation and iii) model Data Assimilation time/ duration. The importance of these considerations vs issues such as observational focus on predicted uncertainty regions in various ensemble model guidance will be briefly commented upon.
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