Significant progress has been made over the last 20 years in measuring and estimating air-sea turbulent and radiative fluxes. Over the same time frame, the importance of accurate in situ and global estimates of winds, sensible and latent heat fluxes, gas and aerosol exchange, and evaporation towards answering crucial questions in weather and climate science including air-sea feedbacks, the global water cycle, and the carbon cycle has highlighted the need for a focus on improving our estimates of these fluxes. However, limited funding opportunities for scientists working primarily in these areas are relatively small and have limited more significant advancement. Experts in the areas of in situ observations, satellite observations, and modeling will discuss their views of the critical outstanding issues that need to be addressed, including the use of new or needed technologies and instrumentation, and possible strategies for progress. Discussion time will be provided for maximum audience input.