7th Conf. on Atmospheric Chemistry


Annual meteorological modeling in support of visibility improvement in the southeast US

Donald T. Olerud Jr., Baron Advanced Meteorological Systems, Raleigh, NC; and A. P. Sims and M. Abraczinskas

The entire year of 2002 was modeled using MM5 version 3.6 at 36-km and 12-km resolutions. The run was completed by modeling 5.5-day independent segments, with the first 12 hours of each segment serving as spin-up. After significant sensitivity testing, the optimal physics options were found to include the P-X land surface module, ACM planetary boundary layer, RRTM radiation, mixed phase microphysics, KF2 cloud parameterization, simple snow effects, and EDAS averaged skin temperatures as SST's.

The model performed generally well. State variables were usually unbiased and met most statistical standards. There were a few weaknesses that we discovered in model performance:

1) Cold bias in winter 2) Overestimation of accumulated precipitation in summer 3) Summertime diurnal cloud signature anticorrelated with observations 4) Autumnal dry bias

The wintertime cold bias and autumnal dry bias are directly related to the soil initialization technique and probably could be improved at some point in the future. The precipitation overestimation is of some concern, but it should be noted that even in summer the model was generally unbiased in terms of precipitation coverage. The model could be too efficient in its convective processes, possibly "raining out" too much of its cloud water.

In the sumer the model tends to produce more clouds overnight than at any other time, while the afternoon cloud coverage is a daily minimum. The observations show the exact opposite. More research needs to be performed to uncover the reasons behind this model behavior.

Overall the model results are deemed acceptable to drive annual air quality simulations. These air quality simulations will lead to visibility improvement in the southeastern US under the leadership of VISTAS (Visibility Improvement - State and Tribal Association of the Southeast).

extended abstract  Extended Abstract (2.9M)

wrf recording  Recorded presentation

Supplementary URL: http://www.baronams.com/projects/VISTAS/#annual

Session 1, Atmospheric Chemistry - General Topics
Monday, 10 January 2005, 9:00 AM-10:15 AM

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