13th Conference on Applied Climatology and the 10th Conference on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology

Tuesday, 14 May 2002: 4:30 PM
Reference and Standard Atmosphere Models
Dale L. Johnson, NASA/MSFC, Huntsville, AL; and B. C. Roberts and W. W. Vaughan
This paper will describe the development of standard and reference atmosphere models along with the history of their origin and use since the mid 19th century. The first "Standard Atmospheres" were established by international agreement in the 1920's. Later some countries, notably the United States, also developed and published "Standard Atmospheres". The term "Reference Atmospheres" is used to identify atmosphere models for specific geographical locations. Range Reference Atmosphere Models developed first during the 1960s are examples of these descriptions of the atmosphere. The paper will discuss the various models, scopes, applications and limitations relative to aerospace use.

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