Tuesday, 8 January 2019: 3:00 PM
North 122BC (Phoenix Convention Center - West and North Buildings)
Coherent vortices in the vicinity of the tropopause, referred to as tropopause polar vortices (TPVs), are common features in the Arctic. TPVs may interact with and strengthen jet streams, as well as act as precursor disturbances for the development of Arctic cyclones. Arctic cyclones may be associated with strong surface winds and poleward advection of warm, moist air, contributing to reductions in Arctic sea-ice extent. Also, heavy precipitation, strong surface winds, and large waves accompanying Arctic cyclones may pose hazards to ships navigating through open passageways in the Arctic Ocean. The Great Arctic Cyclone of August 2012 (hereafter AC12) is an example of an intense Arctic cyclone. AC12 formed on 2 August 2012 over central Siberia and attained a minimum sea level pressure (SLP) of 962 hPa on 6 August 2012 over the Arctic in the ERA5. Strong surface winds associated with AC12 led to reductions in Arctic sea-ice extent during a time when sea ice was thin. TPVs are hypothesized to play a role in the life cycle of AC12. The purpose of this study is to investigate linkages between TPVs and AC12.
The ERA5 is utilized to investigate linkages between TPVs and AC12. Three TPVs, TPV 1, TPV 2, and TPV 3, are hypothesized to play a role in the development of AC12. TPV 1 approaches AC12 in a region of strong baroclinicity, likely supporting the development of AC12 via baroclinic processes. TPV–jet interactions involving TPV 1, TPV 2, and TPV 3 likely contribute to the formation of a dual-jet configuration and jet coupling over AC12. Latent heating related to low-level ascent in the presence of warm, moist air in the region of jet coupling likely contributes to the formation of a potential vorticity (PV) tower associated with AC12. Interaction between TPV 1 and the PV tower likely supports the intensification of AC12, and a predecessor surface cyclone, which interacts and merges with AC12, may further support the intensification of AC12. After attaining its minimum SLP, AC12 meanders slowly over the Arctic, where its expansive surface wind field contributes to reductions in Arctic sea-ice extent. This study illustrates that TPVs may play important roles in the life cycles of Arctic cyclones, which may lead to reductions in Arctic sea-ice extent.
- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner