619 How Can You Trust What You Don’t Use?: Measuring Patterns of Individual’s Weather Information Source Reliance and Trust

Tuesday, 8 January 2019
Hall 4 (Phoenix Convention Center - West and North Buildings)
Wesley W. Wehde, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK; and J. T. Ripberger, J. N. Allan, C. Silva, and H. Jenkins-Smith

Information sources about the weather are numerous as are individual perceptions of those sources. Congruently, trust in weather information sources varies widely. The implications of which sources individuals use and their trust in those sources affects individual behaviors on a daily basis. Most research examining information sources has been done in the natural disaster or severe weather context. Less research has examined individual daily, routine use of

information sources. Understanding the unique patterns of information sources individuals use may give emergency managers and meteorologists insight into targeting the information they provide. This knowledge may be useful for evaluating information gaps. Better understanding of the demographic and individual differences that explain group/category membership can also help information producers target their messaging strategies. We use concomitant-variable Latent Class Analysis (LCA), also known as latent class regression, to estimate grouped patterns of weather information source reliance and trust. We apply this methodology to data from the Severe Weather and Society Survey, an annual national survey that is conducted by the Center for Risk and Crisis Management at the University of Oklahoma. Preliminary results suggest four distinct use and trust patterns exist among individuals. Interestingly, a majority of individuals can be categorized into either a high engagement, high trust category or lowest engagement with higher trust category. Individual differences including age, emotional response to severe weather, and numeracy help explain category membership. This methodology allows us to simultaneously categorize individuals into different information and trust groups and examine demographic and individual predictors for membership in those groups.

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