P2.44 The GOES-R ABI (Advanced Basline Imager) and continuation of GOES-N class sounder products

Wednesday, 27 June 2007
Summit C (The Yarrow Resort Hotel and Conference Center)
Timothy J. Schmit, NOAA/NESDIS, Madison, WI; and J. J. Gurka, J. Li, M. D. Goldberg, and K. J. Schrab

The next generation geostationary satellite series will offer a continuation of current products and services and enable improved and new capabilities. The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) on next generation Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-R will improve upon the current GOES Imager with more spectral bands, faster imaging, higher spatial resolution, better navigation, and more accurate calibration. The ABI expands from five spectral bands on the current GOES imagers to a total of 16 spectral bands in the visible, near-infrared and infrared spectral regions. There will be an increase of the coverage rate leading to full disk scans at least every 15 minutes. ABI spatial resolution will be 2 km for 10 infrared (IR) spectral bands and 0.5 km for the 0.64 um visible band.

The current GOES filter-wheel sounders have provided quality broad-band hourly radiances and derived products over the continental U.S. (CONUS) and adjacent oceans for over 10 years. Current GOES Sounder operational products include: radiances, temperature and moisture profiles; Total Precipitable Water vapor (TPW); atmospheric stability indices, such as Lifted Index (LI); cloud-top properties and winds derived from the moisture-sensitive channels. The GOES-N sounder will continue this mission. The GOES-N/O/P instruments will be similar to the GOES-8/12 instruments, but will be on a different spacecraft bus. The new bus will allow improvements on both navigation and registration, as well as improved radiometrics.

There will be no HES (Hyperspectral Environmental Suite) on GOES-R. Legacy sounder products can be generated from ABI data. The needed ‘continuity' products (radiances, TPW, LI, skin temperature, clouds, and winds) from today's low-spectral resolution sounder can be compatibly provided by ABI. In general, the ABI has improved temporal and spatial attributes, while the GOES-N class sounder has improved accuracies on products. It is postulated that the ABI plus forecast information will be comparable to the GOES-N class sounder, yet the ABI plus forecast information will still be much worse than HES (with respect to information content). A HES-type capable sounder with faster scanning and high spectral resolution is needed for regional Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP), surface emissivity, better nowcasting products, moisture profiles, moisture flux, better cloud heights, and many additional environmental applications.

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