New developments in RAP/HRRR Model Physical Parameterizations: MYNN-Eddy Diffusivity/Mass-Flux PBL Scheme with a Mixing Length Revision

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner
Wednesday, 1 July 2015: 5:15 PM
Salon A-5 (Hilton Chicago)
Joseph B. Olson, NOAA/CIRES, Boulder, CO; and J. Kenyon, J. M. Brown, W. M. Angevine, G. Grell, and S. Freitas

The 13-km Rapid Refresh (RAP) and 3-km convection-allowing High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) are hourly-updating forecast models that support short-range forecasting interests within the contiguous United States. The current operational version of these models uses the Mellor–Yamada–Nakanishi–Niino (MYNN) planetary boundary layer (PBL) scheme and the Grell–Freitas–Olson (GFO) shallow-convection scheme. In an attempt to improve the coupling of the small-eddy turbulence and larger plume-like turbulence in the RAP/HRRR, a merged eddy diffusivity/mass-flux (EDMF) version is developed. The expected benefits include a unified treatment of subgrid-scale clouds and more control over the delegation of work for local and non-local mixing in convective environments. Special effort is made to incorporate scale-aware aspects in both components of the new EDMF scheme and to ensure proper coupling to the radiation parameterization.

Parallel efforts to improving the eddy diffusion component of the EDMF include a revision of the mixing length formulation in the MYNN PBL scheme. The primary motivation is to improve simulations of the stable boundary layer by testing a “z-less” mixing length approach. Both idealized and case study testing show improved low-level jets and cold pool formation/maintenance. The new EDMF scheme improves aspects of the RAP/HRRR forecasts, such as low-level winds and the stratification at the top of the convective boundary layer, which have particular importance for renewable energy and convective forecast applications.