12A.2
Evaluation of Cool-Season Extratropical Cyclones in a Multi-Model Ensemble for Eastern North America and the Western Atlantic Ocean

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Thursday, 2 July 2015: 8:15 AM
Salon A-2 (Hilton Chicago)
Nathan G. Korfe, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY; and B. A. Colle

Extratropical cyclones during the cool season impacts millions of people along the U.S. East Coast each year with heavy snow, mixed precipitation, storm surge, and damaging winds. Substantial progress in numerical weather prediction has allowed for increased model resolution in the short range and the deployment of larger ensembles to help forecast these cyclones on the medium to long range. Operational forecasters need more information on how the ensembles perform during these significant cyclone events. There has been very limited research on the predictability of extratropical cyclones using different ensemble prediction systems (EPSs) for the eastern US and western Atlantic Ocean. The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment (THORPEX) Interactive Grand Global Ensemble (TIGGE) aims to enhance the collaboration of ensemble prediction between operational centers and is being used in this study to analyze the performance of different EPSs in cyclone prediction and provide the forecast skill of each EPS on a regional scale.

The operational models being evaluated include the 50-member European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), the 20-member National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), and the 20-member Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC). The ECMWF ERA-Interim Re-Analysis is used to verify cyclone properties of the TIGGE archive for the October to March cool season from 2007-2014. A check of the results will also be completed using the Global Forecast System (GFS) analysis for the verification. The long-term NCEP performance will be evaluated using the Global Ensemble Forecast System Reforecast, Version 2 (GEFS-R) and verified using the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) from 1985-2009.

The Hodges surface cyclone tracking scheme was used to construct cyclone tracks by tracking 6-hourly MSLP from the analyses and ensemble members. The cyclone tracks are analyzed and binned into different groups according to forecast period, cyclone intensity, and magnitude of the cyclone errors. Short-term forecasts (days 1-3), medium range forecasts (days 4-6), and long range forecasts (days 7-10) performance of these ensembles will be discussed as well as any benefits of combining these ensemble systems. For example, the 1-3 day forecasts of the GEFS-R ensemble mean underpredicts cyclones just off the East Coast by 0.5-1.0 cyclones per cool season and underpredicts 1.0-1.5 cyclones per cool season near portions of the Great Lakes, while showing a slight overprediction of 0.5-1.0 cyclones per cool season in the Northeast U.S. Additional metrics will be presented, which will be separated into different storm tracks (Miller A vs. Miller B), such as the bias (mean error), mean absolute error (MAE), and the root mean square error (RMSE) for both cyclone position and intensity. The probabilistic skill is assessed using the Brier Skill Score, among other metrics; to show how representative the ensemble spread is relative to the uncertainty in the ensemble forecast.