Tuesday, 29 April 2008: 8:45 AM
Palms GF (Wyndham Orlando Resort)
The Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (ETKF) is one of the candidate methodologies being examined for adaptive sampling guidance in the synoptic environment of tropical cyclones in the Atlantic and NW Pacific basins. To date, only the most basic guidance has been provided, and numerous outstanding issues remain. First, the ETKF is constrained by the estimation of the analysis error covariance matrix, which differs considerably from its operational counterpart. The sensitivity of the ETKF guidance to this estimation will be presented. Second, the ETKF is entirely dependent on the ensemble used. Extensions to a combined ensemble from NCEP, ECMWF and CMC, and their respective contributions to the covariance structure will be shown for TCs in various stages of their life cycle. The evolution of the dominant eigenmodes of the forecast error covariance matrix and the relative sensitivity to hypothetical observations of wind, temperature and relative humidity at different levels will be presented. Cases will be selected from the 2006 and 2007 seasons.
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