Despite extreme winds and seas, the stations provided real-time reports to aid in determining the intensity and extent of winds and seas. Extreme wave observations offshore presaged the contribution of wave setup, runup, and overtopping that would exacerbate the deadly storm surge to befall the Northeast. The NWS Sandy Assessment noted: many EMs expressed surprise at the large and damaging waves Sandy caused. Of coastal residents surveyed after Sandy, 77 percent described the impact of waves as more than they expected...
In the aftermath of Sandy, NDBC's observations will play an important role in corroborating information from remote sensing and numerical models, and be used to calibrate remote sensing techniques, validate numerical models, and verify forecasts.
Furthermore, NDBC is undertaking the development of new technology for its buoys (termed Self-Contained Ocean Observing Payload (SCOOP)) that will decrease costs, increase the reliability of the systems and provide new capabilities. The new capabilities include more frequent reporting increasing the reporting frequency from one hour to 10 minutes -, and provide the capability to measure subsurface ocean temperatures to support the determination of Upper Ocean Heat Content and Tropical Cyclone Heat Potential. The system will first be deployed in time for the 2014 Hurricane Season.
The paper will review and assess the performance of the NDBC systems and provide further details on SCOOP.