17A.4 Variability of Tropical Cyclone Intensity at Landfall

Friday, 4 April 2014: 2:15 PM
Garden Ballroom (Town and Country Resort )
Johnny C. L. Chan, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

This study examines the variability of tropical cyclone (TC) intensity at landfall along the coast of Asia during the period 1949-2012, which is important in assessing the potential damage brought about by TCs. One measure of the damage is the power dissipation index (PDI), which is defined as the cube of the maximum sustained wind speed at landfall. The annual PDI for an area is then calculated as the sum of the PDI of each TC making landfall at that area, and is thus related to both the number of landfalling TCs and their intensities at landfall.

The major variations of the annual PDI are found in Guangdong province of China, which is therefore the first region examined. A wavelet analysis suggests that the annual PDI has a 2-8-year oscillation which is partly related to the El NiƱo-Southern Oscillation phenomenon (ENSO). The alterations of the genesis locations and the preferred tracks associated with the ENSO events partly explain this interannual variation. The annual PDI also shows a significant 16-32-year oscillation, with distinct low and high PDI periods. The recent low PDI period in this region, beginning in 1997 and lasting to at least 2011, is related to the low TC activity over the western North Pacific and the decadal changes of the TC track pattern. Such changes are also found to be related to those in the PDI in Vietnam, East China as well as the Korea/Japan regions. The oceanic and atmosphere conditions associated with these changes have also been investigated and will be presented at the conference.

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