Quadrant-dependent Evolution of Low-level Tangential Wind of Tropical Cyclone in the Shear Flow

Wednesday, 20 April 2016: 9:45 AM
Ponce de Leon C (The Condado Hilton Plaza)
Jian-Feng Gu, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China; and Z. M. Tan and X. Qiu

This study investigates the quadrant-by-quadrant evolution of the low-level tangential wind near the eyewall of an idealized simulated mature tropical cyclone embedded in a unidirectional shear flow. It is found that the quadrant-averaged tangential wind in the right-of-shear quadrants weakens continuously while that in the left-of-shear quadrants experiences a two-stage evolution: a quasi-steady stage followed by a weakening stage after the imposing of vertical wind shear. This leads to a larger weakening rate in the right-of-shear and a stronger jet in the left-of-shear quadrants. The budget analysis shows that the quadrant-dependent evolution of tangential wind is controlled through the balance between the generalized Coriolis force (GCF, i.e. the radial advection of absolute angular momentum) and the advection terms. The steady decreasing of the GCF is primarily responsible for the continuous weakening of jet strength in the right-of-shear quadrants. For the left-of-shear quadrants, the quasi-steady stage is due to the opposite contributions by the enhanced GCF and negative tendency of advections cancelling out each other. The later weakening stage is the result of both the decreased GCF and the negative tangential advection. The combination of storm-relative flows at vortex scale and the convection strength both within and outside the eyewall determines the evolution of boundary layer inflow asymmetries, which in turn results in the change of GCF, leading to the quadrant-dependent evolution of low-level jet strength and thus the overall storm intensity change.
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