At first glance, the respective threat scores and two-category Heidke skill scores for TAFs and GFS LAMP were very similar for 3-6 forecasts (no improvement over guidance); however, a different picture appears when the false alarm ratios and hit rates are examined. Forecasters have substantially reduced their false alarm ratios for IFR conditions by reducing the number of times they forecast these events and settling for lower hit rates than guidance. As a result, the 3-6 hour GFS LAMP false alarmed IFR conditions almost 3 times for every extra hit it got over the TAF, and similar trends were noted when the national data were sub-divided by region. Given the sensitivity of the aviation industry to false alarms of forecasts for low ceilings and low visibilities, this trade off appears to be well worth while.
The GFS LAMP was consistently the best performer of the three guidance products at all projections beyond 3 hours. In the 0-3 hour period, persistence outperformed all guidance products and the TAFs, except the TAFs had the lowest (best) false alarm ratios.