Evaluation of passive microwave land surface emissivities for improved precipitation retrievals over land for GPM-era algorithms—part I: comparison of inversion methodsp
There are a wealth of emissivity products that have been developed by the scientific community, however, the majority of these have been geared for NWP model data assimilation, primarily under clear sky conditions. Additionally, these are primarily for frequencies at or below 89 GHz. Wetting of the underlying surface due to active precipitation may greatly alter the emissivity, in particular, at frequencies where the atmosphere is partially transparent to the clouds and precipitation. Under the auspices of NASA's Precipitation Measurement Missions (PMM) Science Team, a study was embarked upon that is assessing the similarities and differences of several off the shelf emissivity products, as well as other techniques being tested by the precipitation community. All of these methods derive the emissivity by removing the atmospheric effects (e.g., water vapor and clouds) and using the surface temperature. It is the purpose of this paper to describe the comparison study and present the results to date.
It should be noted that two other companion papers are also being submitted – one that also evaluates emissivity derived through forward calculations, using a Land Surface Model to drive the surface conditions, and one the presents the sensitivity of the precipitation retrievals to uncertainties in the emissivity.