Characterizing extreme heat events in the Southwestern U.S. in support of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Climate Change Module
As part of the CCM, remote sensing data sets have been used to characterize extreme heat events (EHEs) in the southwestern U.S. during 2000-2006. Four major and eight minor EHEs were identified based on daily minimum and maximum heat index values determined at National Weather Service observation sites. Land surface temperature (LST) data from NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensors were then used to calculate daily temperature statistics for areas classified by a land cover/land use data set as being places where persons live or work. This analysis has been performed separately for each county within the study domain for the EHE days as well as typical summertime days, which serve as reference or baseline conditions. These LST data will be provided through CCM's public and secure portals to facilitate further analysis and support goals of the EPHTN, specifically those related to adverse health effects of excessive heat.